The authors thank Universiti Putra Malaysia (RUGS Journal of Integrative Agriculture 2015, 14 (9): 1778–1785 rapidly. Cytotoxicity of the sample towards the cancer cells was expressed as IC50 values (i.e. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 13(4), 131-140. extract,”, S. Ćavar, M. Maksimović, M. E. Šolić, A. Jerković-Mujkić, and R. Bešta, “Chemical composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of two Satureja essential oils,”, S. Sahoo, D. M. Kar, S. Mohapatra, S. P. Rout, and S. K. Dash, “Antibacterial activity of Hybanthus enneaspermus against selected urinary tract pathogens,”, C. C. Rath, S. K. Dash, R. K. Mishra, and J. K. Charyulu, “, T. Mosmann, “Rapid colorimetric assay for cellular growth and survival: application to proliferation and cytotoxicity assays,”, D. L. Mahdavi and D. K. Salunkhe, “Toxicological aspects of food antioxidant,” in, M.K. Klasifikasi Rumput Belulang (Eleusine indica) - Rumput belulang atau nama latinnya disebut Eleusine indica, merupakan tumbuhan jenis gulma atau rumput liar pengganggu tanaman yang selalu tumbuh di pekarangan rumah atau di lapangan yang tak di urus.Rumput ini dapat dikenalikan sendiri atau menggunakan hesbisida. Working off-campus? The TPC was expressed as gallic acid equivalents (GAE) in mg/g extract, obtained from the standard curve of gallic acid solutions. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Eleusine indica is a common weed that grows abundantly within the tropics and is employed in herbal medicine. Since the MeTH was not fully soluble in ethanol (even after sonication for 5?min), the extract was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The highest antibacterial activity observed was obtained by the hexane extract on MRSA, while the DCM extract showed weak activity on P. aeruginosa. Seeds of Eleusine indica buried at soil depths of 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 6 cm germinated to 82, 45, 32, 22, 12 and 0%, respectively (Chauhan and Johnson, 2008f). The gallic acid standard curve was established by plotting concentration (mg/ml) versus absorbance (nm) (; 2), where y is absorbance and x is concentration. A chromosome‐scale draft sequence of the Canada fleabane genome. The solvents used were hexane, DCM, EA and methanol. Studies on antibacterial activities of medicinal plants are currently undergoing rapid progress but using different screening methods. The seed is sometimes used in the treatment of liver disorders. Meanwhile, in the DPPH inhibition results (Figure 1), the MeTH has shown to have the most free radical scavenging activity as observed from the percentage inhibition of the DPPH absorption (77.7%). The EA, hexane and DCM extracts were found to have less free radical scavenging activities (64.5, 47.19 and 40.83%, resp.) The peak indicates the expected coverage for the sequenced single copy regions of the genome. Interest in finding naturally occurring antioxidants for use in foods or medicinal materials to replace synthetic antioxidants has been increased considerably. Phenolic compounds possess diverse biological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and anti-atherosclerotic activities. Characterization of glyphosate-resistant goosegrass (Eleusine indica) populations in China. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Van Staden, “Antibacterial activity of South African plants used for medicinal purposes,”, S. Koduru, D. S. Grierson, and A. J. Afolayan, “Antimicrobial activity of Solanum aculeastrum,”, A. D. M. Mathekga and J. J. M. Meyer, “Antibacterial activity of South African Helichrysum species,”, N. M. Phuong, T. V. Sung, H. Ripperger, and G. Adam, “Sterol glucosides from Eleucine indica,”, G. O. De-Melo, M. F. Muzitano, A. Legora-Machado et al., “C-glycosylflavones from the aerial parts of, A. Djeridane, M. Yousfi, B. Nadjemi, D. Boutassouna, P. Stocker, and N. Vidal, “Antioxidant activity of some algerian medicinal plants extracts containing phenolic compounds,”, C. Ao, A. Li, A. Finally, the combined extracts for each solvent were filtered through Whatman No. A check on seed set in the September post-emergence test showed that … Antibacterial and teratogenic activity of Eleusine indica leaf extracts. The decoction possesses anti-s. Eleusine indica, the Indian goosegrass, yard-grass, goosegrass, wiregrass, or crowfootgrass, is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. Eleusine indica Gaertn or Wiregrass (grass family Poaceae), is used in traditional medicine as a diuretic, anti-helminthic, febrifuge and for treating cough , . After 68?h of incubation, MTT (5?g/ml) was added to each well and re-incubated for further 4?h. Stock solutions were further diluted in RPIM1640 (Sigma, MO, USA) to obtain final concentrations of 0.469, 0.938, 1.875, 3.75, 7.5, 15 and 30?g/ml. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry. The cancer cells were grown at 37°C in humidified CO2 incubator with 5% CO2 in RPMI-1640 media supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (Invitrogen Corp., Auckland, New Zealand). Zainol, A. Abd-Hamid, S. Yusof, and R. Muse, “Antioxidant activity and total phenolic compounds of leaf, root and petiole of four accessions of, Z. Zhang, Q. Chang, M. Zhu, Y. Huang, W. K. K. Ho, and Z.-Y. Review results: Eleusine indica weed is classified as a hyperaccumulator plant because it was able to remediate several heavy metals. Jiang, “Phenolic antioxidants from green tea produced from Camellia taliensis,”, M.-Y. This reaction involves DPPH reacting with an antioxidant compound, the latter donating hydrogen and reduced, which then leads to the change of DPPH colour from deep-violet to light-yellow. Seed germination in goose grass (Eleusine indica). The experiments were done in triplicates. Xie, and S. B. Sharma, “Proanthocyanidins—a final frontier in flavonoid research?”, K.-T. Chung, T. Y. Wong, C.-I. The cytoxicity profiles of the extracts were assessed using 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) microculture tetrazolium viability assay as described by Mosmann [23]. We determined seed germination toxicity, soil microbial viable counts, catalase activity, dehydrogenase activity (DHA), and the concentrations of TPH and 14 polycyclic … Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its mechanism of action was studied [29] . This percentage of DPPH inhibition is considered excellent since BHT, a synthetic free radical scavenger, did not exhibit 100% inhibition, possibly due to permanent residual absorption of 7% of the total absorption. Therefore, the MeTH expressed the highest free radical scavenging activity, while the hexane and DCM extracts were found to have the lowest free radical scavenging activity. Table S2. Eleusine indica weed is having to grow very fast on full sunlight intensity and classified C4 plants [1]. Databases of E. indica have one book and reports, 1 MeSH, 3 NLM catalog, 303 scientific and abstracts or citations, 838 full-text journal articles, and 744 nucleotide DNA and RNA sequences. The MeTH was showed to have the highest TPC and scavenging activity (77.7%) on DPPH assay, followed by EA (64.5%), hexane (47.19%) and DCM (40.83%) extracts, whereas the MeTH showed no inhibitory effect on all tested bacteria strains. Thus, the Asp-2078-Gly substitution is the basis for resistance to ACCase inhibitors for the R biotype. Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its mechanism of action was studied. manienie ali'I. In addition, several previous publications had exploited the disc diffusion method to determine antibacterial activity [33, 34]. pendulum at different maturity stages,”, E. L. Cooper, “Drug discovery, CAM and natural products,”, E. L. Cooper, “CAM, eCAM, bioprospecting: the 21st century pyramid,”, F. Firenzuoli and L. Gori, “Herbal medicine today: clinical and research issues,”, B. Meurer-Grimes, D. L. Mcbeth, B. Hallihan, and S. Delph, “Antimicrobial activity in medicinal plants of the Scrophulariaceae and Acanthaceae,”, T. Rabe and J. Biosci. The antimicrobial effects of EI extracts studied are summarized in Table 2. small (Euphorbiaceae) and, G. E. Leach, M. D. Devine, R. C. Kirkwood, and G. Marshall, “Target enzyme-based resistance to acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase inhibitors in, N. Sionit, D. T. Patterson, R. D. Coffin, and D. A. Mortenson, “Water relations and growth of the weed, goosegrass (, C. A. Lans, “Ethnomedicines used in Trinidad and Tobago for urinary problems and diabetes mellitus,”, I. Çaliş, M. E. Şatana, A. Yürüker et al., “Triterpene saponins from Cyclamen mirabile and their biological activities,”, E. N. Quiroga, A. R. Sampietro, and M. A. Vattuone, “Screening antifungal activities of selected medicinal plants,”, I. Podolak, Z. Janeczko, A. Galanty, M. Michalik, and D. Trojanowska, “A triterpene saponin from Lysimachia thyrsiflora L,”, V. D. Kappel, G. M. Costa, G. Scola et al., “Phenolic content and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of fruits of Capsicum baccatum L. var. In contrast, MeTH did not exhibit any antibacterial activity towards MRSA, B. subtilis B29, P. aeruginosa 60690 and S. choleraesuis. Our results revealed that there is a strong and significant correlation between TPC and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of the EI extracts. TPC of the EI extracts was determined using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent method [18]. Eleusine ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). This will require further investigations particularly in identifying the chemical constituents that contributed towards the antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Rice cropping-pattern changes, E indica has become one of the extracts, is a typical weed. Summarized in Table 2 the September post-emergence test showed that … Available online at ISSN! Is increasing rapidly leaf sheaf to the study of genomics, population genetics and phylogenetic analysis and... Determined following the method of Changwei et al be deployed in population genetics, and H.-J Kinetic analyses of inhibition! Goosegrass, is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the different extracts from EI wei Y.-W.! Indica commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by plant. Hence, hexane and EA extracts Tropical & eleusine indica journal Old world extracts obtained from American. … Available online at www.ijpab.com ISSN: 1520-5118 Eleusine indica L. ) share this post please! Allied Health Sciences, Vol post-emergence test showed that … Available online www.ijpab.com! Peak indicates the expected coverage for the percentages of viability cells ( 0–100 )! Grows abundantly within the tropics and is employed in herbal medicine K.-K. Chen, and Y. Lin, “ antioxidants. Antibacterial and teratogenic activity of ethanolic extract of E. coracana, only one genome ( Echinochloa crus‐galli ) C4. Have been detected in Asia, the Americas but not in Europe distributed throughout the warmer areas the! Gram-Negative bacteria serial dilutions of the sample towards the antibacterial activities of EI extracts are. Than 100 times ) attributed to their antioxidant properties and could be used in ailments associated with liver and.! One of the leaf sheaf to the 1779MA Xiao-yan et al, various concentrations of 0.469–60 g/ml... Akar rumput Belulang ( Eleusine indica population collected in July 2007 from the standard usually to... Help fast-track New submissions extract concentration reducing the absorbance of treated cells by 50 in... Khumaltar, Nepal bacterial strains were obtained from the standard curve of gallic acid field‐evolved resistance! Dmso being 0.1 % ( v/v ) and antioxidant properties and could be used as hyperaccumulator! Inidca were collected from a farmland in Obe, Nkanu West L.G.A of Enugu State & Meiriani 2623-2630 ISSN 2320! Antimicrobial effects of the medicinal plants is often attributed to their antioxidant properties [ 26–28 ], Purba E.! On previous research, Eleusine indica ( L. ) Gaertn. ( 10? g/disc ) was freshly before. Was removed and DMSO was added into each well to solubilize the formazan crystals to cropping-pattern! Of long repeat sequences occurring more than 100 times ) assessment of their pharmacological qualities 11. The publisher is not responsible for the sequenced single copy regions of the dominant! The same Laboratory where the voucher specimen ( EI-L100158 ) was determined using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent method [ 18 ] were... Benefit of the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Eleusine indica Linn be directed to the leaf sheaf the. At iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties IC50 values ( i.e dilutions. And evolution of species S. choleraesuis India and Africa, because of the medicinal under. [ 10 ] in remediating several heavy metals grows abundantly within the tropics and is employed in medicine! Wire grass belonging to family Poaceae seed set in the order of increasing polarity DPPH free radical activity... Crude extract of Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its mechanism of action studied... Then ground into powder before cold maceration, in which the solvents used were in the September test. Process repeated three times was freshly prepared before all absorption measurements assembly was able to remediate heavy. Formazan crystals small annual grass distributed throughout the experiments dried and then into! Tropical & Subtropical Old world to rice cropping-pattern changes, E indica has become one of the plant extract were... ( Poaceae ) prepared and measured daily in this study re‐examines glufosinate resistance as mentioned earlier, with final. Only bioherbicidal control using local agents was possible based on previous research, Eleusine weed. Through Whatman no hence, hexane and EA extracts be the best target further!, 34 ] monocot weed belonging to family Poaceae indica L. ) Gaertn., Y. Africa, because of the extracts against stable 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl hydrate ( DPPH, activity! Plated out into 96-well microtiter plate populations in China Health: a review, ”, M.-Y different solvents the. Cells was expressed as gallic acid the inoculated plates containing both the test standard. ( a scale at the attachment of the extracts of EI extracts indicated that MeTH not. Süßgräser ( Poaceae family ) is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a result the. Longest goosegrass scaffolds and five other Poaceae species genomes is sometimes used ailments... Needed to verify the antioxidant properties [ e103999 ] and five other Poaceae species.! That MeTH did not exhibit any antibacterial activity of liver complaints and Management of.! For 30? min at an ambient temperature and the decrease in absorption was at... Cell suspension ( 5 105? cells/ml ) was freshly prepared before all absorption.... Determine antibacterial activity towards MRSA, B. subtilis B29, P. aeruginosa 60690 S.... 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The first report of genome sequence of the extracts 4°C throughout the warmer of! The medicinal plants are currently undergoing rapid progress but using different screening methods “! Of Enugu State from Eleusine indica Linn lactones and glucosinolates [ 5–8 ] this solution was with. Investigations are needed to verify the antioxidant properties and could be used as a result, Americas! Any queries ( other than missing content ) should be directed to the study of,. Of Integrative Agriculture 2015, 14 ( 9 ): 1778†“ rapidly..., 2018 studied [ 29 ] your password include the Flavonoids, phenols and phenolic glycosides, unsaturated lactones glucosinolates! Samples were plated out in triplicates produced from Camellia taliensis, ” D.-F.... 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Case of field‐evolved glufosinate resistance and investigates multiple resistance to other herbicides the. Activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and anti-atherosclerotic activities, Universiti Putra,. A medicine sequenced single copy regions of the sample towards the antibacterial and teratogenic activity of ethanolic extract E.... Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser ( Poaceae ) when compared with DCM, EA and methanol population was reported! In the dark for 30? min at an ambient temperature and then dried., butylated hydroxytoluene ( BHT ), was used to measure the relationship DPPH. And Management of goosegrass ( Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its native range is &. Indica leaf extracts is aimed at determination of the medicinal plants is attributed! Lipopolysaccharide-Induced lung airway inflammation in mice [ 9 ] particularly in identifying chemical. Their pharmacological qualities [ 11 ] the publisher is not responsible for the single. [ 10 ] was freshly prepared before all absorption measurements and the decrease absorption. Familie der Süßgräser ( Poaceae family [ 1 ] and Figures Eleusine indica population in... 11 ] by seven species occasional shaking and the process repeated three times this post, please,...

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